Ancient Indian History: Important MCQ for Competitive exam

Followings are best selective Objective Type Questions on Ancient Indian History for Competitive exam as a part of general studies or general knowledge. These questions will help you to recall knowledge for best performance in upcoming competitive examination 2023.

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Ancient India, 50 multiple choice questions (MCQs) on ancient Indian history that can be supportive for examination.

1. Who is considered the founder of the Maurya Empire?

a) Chandragupta Maurya

b) Ashoka

c) Bindusara

 d) Kautilya

Ans. a) Chandragupta Maurya

2. The ancient Indian text, Arthashastra, is attributed to:

a) Chandragupta Maurya

b) Ashoka

c) Kautilya

d) Chanakya

Ans. c) Kautilya

3. The Indus Valley Civilization was primarily located in what modern-day countries?

a) India and Nepal

 b) India and Pakistan

c) India and Bangladesh

d) India and Sri Lanka

4. What is the primary source of information about the Indus Valley Civilization?

 a) Vedas

b) Upanishads

 c) Rigveda

 d) Archaeological excavations

5. The ancient city of Mohenjo-Daro was located in which modern-day country?

 a) India

b) Pakistan

 c) Afghanistan

d) Nepal

6. The concept of ‘Ahimsa’ (non-violence) was closely associated with which ancient Indian leader?

 a) Ashoka

b) Chandragupta Maurya

 c) Mahavira

d) Gautama Buddha

7. Which ancient Indian epic poem tells the story of the prince Rama?

 a) Ramayana

b) Mahabharata

c) Bhagavad Gita

d) Arthashastra

8. The sacred text of Hinduism, the Bhagavad Gita, is a part of which larger epic?

a) Mahabharata

b) Ramayana

c) Rigveda

d) Upanishads

9. The practice of Yoga is closely associated with which ancient Indian text?

a) Bhagavad Gita b) Upanishads c) Yoga Sutras d) Manusmriti

10. The founder of Buddhism is:

a) Ashoka b) Chandragupta Maurya c) Mahavira d) Gautama Buddha

11. What is the term for the Buddhist community of monks and nuns?

 a) Bhikshus b) Sangha c) Samsara d) Dharma

12. The first Buddhist council was held at:

a) Sarnath b) Rajgir c) Lumbini d) Bodh Gaya

13. The ancient city of Varanasi (Banaras) is closely associated with which river?

 a) Ganges b) Yamuna c) Saraswati d) Brahmaputra

14. The concept of ‘Dharma’ in ancient India is associated with:

a) Buddhism b) Jainism c) Hinduism d) Sikhism

15. The ancient Mauryan capital, Pataliputra, is located in present-day:

a) Delhi b) Patna c) Kolkata d) Mumbai

16. The rock-cut architecture at Ajanta and Ellora caves is primarily related to which religion?

a) Hinduism b) Buddhism c) Jainism d) Sikhism

17. The ancient university of Nalanda was a center for the study of:

a) Science and mathematics b) Medicine c) Buddhism and philosophy d) Art and music

18. The famous Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath contains edicts in which language?

a) Sanskrit b) Pali c) Prakrit d) Mauryan

19. The author of the ancient Indian medical treatise, Sushruta Samhita, is:

a) Charaka b) Sushruta c) Dhanvantari d) Vagbhata

20. The ancient practice of “Sati” involved:

a) Worship of the sun god b) Self-immolation of widows on their husband’s funeral pyre c) Fasting for religious purity d) Meditation and yoga

21. The famous ruler Harsha Vardhana belonged to which dynasty?

 a) Maurya b) Gupta c) Chola d) Mughal

22. The famous Iron Pillar of Delhi, dating back to the Gupta period, is made of which metal?

a) Iron b) Gold c) Copper d) Bronze

23. The “Golden Age of India” is associated with which dynasty?

a) Maurya b) Gupta c) Chola d) Kushan

24. The Kailasa Temple at Ellora is primarily dedicated to which deity?

a) Vishnu b) Shiva c) Durga d) Brahma

25. The Chola dynasty is known for its achievements in which field?

 a) Literature b) Architecture c) Mathematics d) Maritime trade

26. The famous rock-cut temples of Badami and Aihole are located in which Indian state?

 a) Tamil Nadu b) Karnataka c) Andhra Pradesh d) Maharashtra

27. The currency used during the Gupta Empire was:

a) Rupee b) Rupiya c) Dinar d) Tanka

28. Who is considered the father of Indian mathematics and authored the treatise “Aryabhatiya”?

a) Aryabhata b) Brahmagupta c) Bhaskara I d) Varahamihira

29. The concept of “Zero” (0) was developed by Indian mathematicians and is attributed to:

a) Aryabhata b) Brahmagupta c) Bhaskara I d) Varahamihira

30. The term “Jina” is associated with which religious tradition?

a) Buddhism b) Jainism c) Hinduism d) Sikhism

31. The first woman Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, belonged to which political party?

a) Indian National Congress b) Bharatiya Janata Party c) Communist Party of India d) Janata Dal

32. The ancient Indian art of “Natyashastra” is primarily concerned with:

a) Dance and music b) Architecture c) Sculpture d) Poetry

33. The author of the “Natyashastra” is traditionally believed to be:

a) Kalidasa b) Panini c) Bharata d) Bhasa

34. Which Mughal emperor is known for his policy of religious tolerance and the construction of the Taj Mahal?

 a) Akbar b) Jahangir c) Shah Jahan d) Aurangzeb

35. The Qutub Minar in Delhi was built by which ruler?

a) Akbar b) Shah Jahan c) Qutb-ud-din Aibak d) Babur

36. The famous battle of Panipat in 1526 was fought between:

a) Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi b) Akbar and Hemu c) Sher Shah Suri and Humayun d) Jahangir and Rana Pratap

37. The ancient Indian system of medicine, Ayurveda, is based on the teachings of:

a) Charaka b) Sushruta c) Hippocrates d) Galen

38. The “Puranas” are a genre of ancient Indian texts primarily concerned with:

a) Mythology, history, and cosmology b) Philosophy and ethics c) Mathematics and astronomy d) Political science

39. The ancient text “Manusmriti” is primarily concerned with:

a) Medicine b) Law and social order c) Philosophy d) Poetry

40. The famous ancient observatory known as “Jantar Mantar” is located in which Indian city?

a) Jaipur b) Delhi c) Varanasi d) Ujjain

41. The Mughal Empire reached its zenith under the rule of:

a) Akbar b) Aurangzeb c) Shah Jahan d) Jahangir

42. Who was the founder of the Sikh religion?

a) Guru Nanak b) Guru Gobind Singh c) Guru Tegh Bahadur d) Guru Arjan Dev

43. The sacred scripture of Sikhism is called:

a) Bhagavad Gita b) Quran c) Guru Granth Sahib d) Vedas

44. The architectural style of the Khajuraho Temples is primarily:

a) Dravidian b) Nagara c) Vesara d) Indo-Aryan

45. The famous “Dandi March” led by Mahatma Gandhi was a protest against:

a) The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre b) The Salt Act c) The partition of India d) The imposition of martial law

46. The “Harappan” script is primarily written from:

a) Left to right b) Right to left c) Top to bottom d) Bottom to top

47. The “Stupa” is a prominent architectural feature in which religion?

a) Hinduism b) Buddhism c) Jainism d) Sikhism

48. The Gupta Empire is often described as the “Golden Age of India.” Which century did it primarily rule in?

a) 2nd century CE b) 4th to 6th century CE c) 8th century CE d) 10th century CE

49. The “Battle of Plassey” in 1757 was a significant event in Indian history. It marked the beginning of British colonial rule in India. It was fought between the British East India Company and the forces of which Indian ruler?

a) Tipu Sultan b) Siraj-ud-Daulah c) Rani Lakshmibai d) Bahadur Shah II

50. The Mauryan Empire was divided into several provinces known as:

a) Janapadas b) Mahajanapadas c) Ashramas d) Parganas

51. Who was the first woman to become the Prime Minister of India?

a) Indira Gandhi b) Sonia Gandhi c) Jayalalithaa d) Mayawati

52. What is the name of the ancient Indian musical scale system that divides the octave into 22 shrutis (microtones)?

a) Raga b) Tala c) Swara d) Sruti

53. The famous Indian festival of Diwali is primarily associated with which religion?

 a) Hinduism b) Buddhism c) Jainism d) Sikhism

54. The ancient Indian numeral system, which introduced the concept of zero, is known as:

a) Roman numerals b) Babylonian numerals c) Arabic numerals d) Indian numerals

55. The “Red Fort” in Delhi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was built during the reign of which Mughal emperor?

a) Akbar b) Aurangzeb c) Shah Jahan d) Babur

56. Who composed the Indian national song “Vande Mataram”?

a) Rabindranath Tagore b) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay c) Sarojini Naidu d) Lala Lajpat Rai

57. The “Indian Rebellion of 1857” against British rule is often referred to as:

a) The Sepoy Mutiny b) The Indian Civil War c) The War of Independence d) The Quit India Movement

58. The Kalinga War, which had a profound impact on Emperor Ashoka, was fought in modern-day:

a) Bengal b) Orissa (Odisha) c) Punjab d) Madhya Pradesh

59. In ancient Indian history, ancient Indian text “Kamasutra” is primarily concerned with:

a) Philosophy and ethics b) Astronomy and mathematics c) Art of love and relationships d) Yoga and meditation

60. The “Bhakti” and “Sufi” movements in India emphasized:

a) Rituals and ceremonies b) Devotion and love for God c) Asceticism and penance d) Military conquest

61. The famous Ashoka Pillar at Sanchi has which animal at its top?

a) Bull b) Lion c) Elephant d) Horse

62. The Gupta Empire is known for its contributions to which field of science?

a) Mathematics b) Chemistry c) Astronomy d) Medicine

63. The “Rigveda” is one of the oldest texts in the world and is a part of which group of ancient Indian texts?

a) Upanishads b) Vedas c) Puranas d) Dharma Shastras

64. Who is regarde d as the father of Indian space research and the founder of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)?

a) Vikram Sarabhai b) Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam c) Satish Dhawan d) C.V. Raman

Ancient Indian History MCQ with Answer

Answer of the above questions on Ancient Indian history is available below according to the numeric align.

  1. a) Chandragupta Maurya
  2. c) Kautilya
  3. b) India and Pakistan
  4. d) Archaeological excavations
  5. b) Pakistan
  6. c) Mahavira
  7. a) Ramayana
  8. a) Mahabharata
  9. c) Yoga Sutras
  10. d) Gautama Buddha
  11. b) Sangha
  12. b) Rajgir
  13. a) Ganges
  14. c) Hinduism
  15. b) Patna
  16. b) Buddhism
  17. c) Buddhism and philosophy
  18. b) Pali
  19. b) Sushruta
  20. b) Self-immolation of widows on their husband’s funeral pyre
  21. b) Gupta
  22. a) Iron
  23. b) Gupta
  24. b) Shiva
  25. d) Maritime trade
  26. b) Karnataka
  27. b) Rupiya
  28. a) Aryabhata
  29. b) Brahmagupta
  30. b) Jainism
  31. a) Indian National Congress
  32. a) Dance and music
  33. c) Bharata
  34. c) Shah Jahan
  35. c) Qutb-ud-din Aibak
  36. a) Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi
  37. c) Hippocrates
  38. a) Mythology, history, and cosmology
  39. b) Law and social order
  40. a) Jaipur
  41. a) Akbar
  42. a) Guru Nanak
  43. c) Guru Granth Sahib
  44. b) Nagara
  45. b) The Salt Act
  46. b) Right to left
  47. b) Buddhism
  48. b) 4th to 6th century CE
  49. a) Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi
  50. b) Mahajanapadas
  51. a) Indira Gandhi
  52. d) Sruti
  53. a) Hinduism
  54. d) Indian numerals
  55. c) Shah Jahan
  56. b) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
  57. a) The Sepoy Mutiny
  58. b) Orissa (Odisha)
  59. c) Art of love and relationships
  60. b) Devotion and love for God
  61. b) Lion
  62. a) Mathematics
  63. b) Vedas
  64. a) Vikram Sarabhai
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