Inclusive Education | Concept and Principles | b.ed notes

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Concept of Inclusive Education:

Education is the basic human right. Everyone has the right to access quality education. And there are some group of people. Who are excluded to access quality education on grounds of some disabilities or special causes. Discrimination is the great threat to these group of people. Inclusive Education which helps for the harmonies development of a society.

There is a need  of  development or change in the education system. Its essential to change this educational approach from exclusion to inclusion. making a reality of the universal right to equality of education.

To cater learning is the basic human rights of the children with dignity and equity is possible through ‘Inclusive education’’.

Lets know what is inclusive education?. And what are the principles of inclusive education? In details.

Meaning:

Inclusive education is a process of education. Which ensures the equal participation of all children in teaching learning process including with those disabilities.

Inclusive education also known as universal education or integrated education. The concept of integrated education is wider and broad.  It means all children are educated in regular classroom. It defines as learning environment which provides all aspects of development including personal, academic and professional development of all learners. Irrespective of their race, color, gender, sex. It leads to a sense of belongingness within classroom community.  As integrated education allows all the children to read together, play together, learn together. Which also develops a sense of cooperation, togetherness etc. thus integrated educationi a new concept in education. It is the best method of promoting social acceptance, peace and cooperation.

Definition of Inclusive Education by UNESCO (1994):

Inclusive education involves changes and modification in content, approaches, structures and strategies with a common vision which covers all children of the appropriate age range and a conviction that it is the responsibility of the regular syIstem to educate all children.

What are the key principles of inclusive education?.

Inclusive education is based on the principle of the followings-

1.Principle of Togetherness:

Inclusive education provides such learning environment that promotes all round development of all learners together in the same educational setting. Irrespective of their caste, color and gender. So it is an approach which brings all children together in a common educational community.

2. Principle of Equality:

Another key principle is the Principle of equality . Everyone has the right to access knowledge skill and information. Indian constitution guarantees some educational rights for the children. In spite of these provisions there are some group of people who are deprived of education because of some special causes or factor. But inclusive education includes all those section of people  and provides equality to all.

3.Principle of Participation:

Inclusive education is based on the principle of participation. Inclusive education includes all the children in common educational settings where they can learn together without any discrimination. It provides opportunities for the students with disabilities for the active participation equally. Thus inclusive education promotes the participation for all children or adults in teaching learning process.

4.Principle of acceptance:

It is another principle of inclusive education. Every parents wants to their child to lean or educate with all other students in a regular classroom and become able to lead their life independently. And it is base on this principle of acceptance of all children in education process irrespective of their disabilities.

5. Rejection of special classroom:

It is a process education which strongly rejects the concept of special classroom in special school. Rather it emphasis on togetherness or integration between the normal child and the children with disabilities.

6.Individual differences:

It is another principle of integrated education. Each child is different and unique. It considers this principle of individual differences of the children in learning atmosphere. And that is why it benefits all the children.

7.Opposite of exclusion:

The inclusion is a contrast to exclusion, discrimination and limitation  on ground of any differences. All the children who are who are disabled should educate with normal children and have equal access to quality education.

8.Principle of change:

Inclusive education is based on the principle of change. It tries to change the system of education to meet the requirement of the child and not about the change of the children to fit the education system. It tries to include all the children for equal education irrespective of their differences.

Conclusion:

Thus, it is a new concept, covering wide range of areas. It includes all the children with or without disabilities and educate them in the same learning environment. which provides personal, academic and professional development of all learners. Irrespective of their race, color, gender, sex. It leads to a sense of belongingness within classroom community. It is the process of education which promotes social acceptance, peace and cooperation. For more info Wikipedia.

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FAQ

  1. Inclusive education is based on the principle of——?

Ans: Inclusive education is based on the principle of Equity and the Equal opportunity for all. Inclusive education is a process of education. Which ensures the equal participation of all children in teaching learning process including with those with disabilities. See above to know in details.

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